Keraton Kasunanan Surakarta Hadiningrat (Surakarta Sunanate) is the official Palace of Surakarta in Surakarta, Central Java. The Palace was founded by Susuhunan Pakubuwono II in 1744 as a replacement for the Royal Palace of Kartasura, which was destroyed in 1743. Keraton Kasunanan Surakarta Hadiningrat location is one area with the Alun-Alun Utara (North square) and Klewer Market.
Surakarta Sunanate has officially become part of the Republic of Indonesia since 1945. The complex of buildings of the Palace still serves as the residence of Sri Sunan and his household who still run the Royal tradition until now. The Palace is also one of the main attractions in the city of Surakarta. Part of the palace complex is a museum which houses various collections belonging to Surakarta, including various gifts from Kings of Europe, heirloom replica of Surakarta, and gamelan. In terms of the building of the Palace, this is the best example of traditional Javanese Palace architecture.
|Surakarta Sunanate Hadiningrat|
Establishment of Keraton Kasunanan Surakarta Hadiningrat
Establishment of Surakarta Hadiningrat is the impact of the prolonged conflict that occurs in the Sultanate of Mataram Islam dating from the 16th century AD. The Government of the Sultanate of Mataram Islam early was at Mentaok, then Kota Gede (Yogyakarta). At the time of Amangkurat I (1645 – 1677), precisely the year 1647, the seat of Government was moved to Plered (now in the Bantul Regency).
Later, Amangkurat II (1680-1702), founded a new Kingdom to the East of Yogyakarta, namely in Wonokarto forest which was renamed Kartasura (now in Sukoharjo Regency, Central Java). The construction of the Palace has recently carried out Plered's Palace because of the rebel-controlled and considered inappropriate use as the seat of Government. The new Palace in Kartasura begun in 1679 became known as the Kartasura Sultanate Hadiningrat. In succession, the successor to the throne of Amangkurat II in Kartasura in Surakarta Hadiningrat is Amangkurat III (1703-1708), Pakubuwono I (1704-1710), Amangkurat IV (1719-1726), until with Pakubuwono II (1726-1749).
|Javanese and European Architectural (source flickr.com)|
Architecture of Surakarta Hadiningrat Palace
The Kraton (Palace) of Surakarta is one of the exotic in that era. One of the architects of this Palace was Pangeran Mangkubumi (later became Sultan Hamengkubuwono I) which was also the main architect of the Palace. Therefore it is not surprising if the archetypal spatial both Palaces (Yogyakarta and Surakarta) many have general equations. Surakarta Sunanate, as can be seen now is not constructed simultaneously in 1744-1745, but was built in stages by maintaining a basic spatial pattern remains the same as the first. Construction and restoration of massively last done by Susuhunan Pakubuwono X in 1893 to 1939. Most of the Palace is nuanced colors white and blue with the architectural style of a mixture of Javanese and European.
The Surakarta Hadiningrat Palace Museum
At the Surakarta Hadiningrat Palace Museum is the most interesting place. The Surakarta Hadiningrat Palace Museum is in Surakarta Sunanate region. In the museum, there is a wide range of collections of historic objects, objects of art and culture related to Surakarta Sunanate. Here you will find a range of typical objects of the Kingdom used by the Royal family and also the great family of the first Government until now. There are 13 rooms in Surakarta which exhibit a wide range of collections. This historic collection includes cooking equipment used in the past, weaponry such as Keris, spear, Trident, sword, gun, and ancient cannons. Traditional art tools such as masks, puppets, and gamelan, desk chair, a carriage with a unique design etc.
|A Unique Carriage (source flickr.com)|
One part that can be encountered when it first set foot in this Kasunanan complex is Kori Kamandungan. Kori Kamandungan is a major gateway used by Abdi Dalem. The gate is not open to the public, only certain people who can get into Kasunanan through this door. There are three main doors are very large, the middle door and door to the right and left. Thirdly this door has a different function. The right and left doors open every day and can be used by Abdi Dalem for transitions. While the central part of the door , which is larger than the right door and left , only used during certain events and cannot be used by any people .
On the right and left sides Kori Kamandungan there are two large old mirrors. Both of these mirrors, according to Abdi Dalem Kasunanan, have its own function. Both mirrors are accidentally placed on the right and left as a medium for self-introspection and improve the appearance and clothes before meeting with the king.
|Kori Kamandungan (source flickr.com)|
There’s a Panggung Songgobuwono in Surakarta Hadiningrat Palace, a tower with octagonal form. A few trust that it's far an area wherein Sri Sunan (a famous call for the king) persevered the tradition of his ancestors to see with the Goddess of South Seas (Kanjeng Ratu Kidul) at least on the anniversary of his coronation.
|Panggung Songgobuwono (source flickr.com)|
The Entrance fee of the Surakarta Hadiningrat Palace
Surakarta Palace Museum is open from Monday to Thursday 9.00 to 14.00, while Saturday and Sunday 9:00 until 15:00. Admission to the museum is Rp 10,000 on weekdays and 15,000 ($1) on weekends.
There are several things to consider when you visit the Surakarta Hadiningrat Palace. Do not use sunglasses, hats, jackets when inside the museum. In addition, you are also advised not to use shorts during a visit to the palace.
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